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Docomomo [Edição 04]

Landscape and abandonmet: inactive big modern constructions Branch: Modernism as culture

Maria Cristina Nascentes Cabral, Carolina Quintanilha Nevez

Resumo


In Brazil, more specifically in Rio de Janeiro, the federal capital until 1960, large buildings were associated with political symbolic initiatives. In the Vargas era, the ministerial buildings stand out: Education and Public Health, Labor, Finance, and War. During the federal government of Juscelino Kubitschek, an entire city was built for the new capital, and in the military government infrastructure works were implemented in addition to the federal District. The success of modern architecture in Brazil is not limited only to its relationship with the government, but with its own economic and industrial development, the process of urbanization and population growth, as well as a new architectural and urbanistic culture that is part of this own social process. In this sense, we will discuss other major buildings that also synthesized the country of the "future", but which are abandoned to their own destiny. This article will investigate modern buildings, unfinished or deactivated, that are abandoned in the contemporary urban landscape, trying to understand the causes and subsequent impacts of these abandonments. They will be divided into two groups: the institutional, comprising the Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho of UFRJ and the Escola Superior de Guerra; and the commercial, specifying the Gávea Tourist Hotel and, more deeply, the Panorama Balneário Hotel. The analysis will be based on the critics of Anatole Kopp, about the modern architectural production during the 1950s, and Arturo Escobar, about the production of the city from this decade, considering the developmental ideal that governed it.


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