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Docomomo [Edição 04]

Morada Nova Project: an experience of physical planning and rural architecture in the hinterlands of Ceará

Clovis Ramiro Jucá Neto, Margarida Julia Farias de Salles Andrade, Romeu Duarte Junior, Solange Maria Schramm

Resumo


This article analyzes the Morada Nova Project, a physical-territorial planning and rural architecture regional experience in the state of Ceará, built between 1972 and 1975. The project was elaborated by architects from the National Department of Works Against Drought (DNOCS, in Portuguese), awarded at the 1st National Architecture Exhibition on the IX Brazilian Congress of Architects, in São Paulo, in 1976. The proposal is presented in a broader socio-historical context, highlighting its innovative character in many of its principles. The analysis considers the most different design scales, ranging from the study of the rural communities’ implantation area to the detailing of residential typologies. Special emphasis is given to the environmental characteristics’ commitment and the cultural, technical and material possibilities of the region. The architectural design of two emblematic buildings, the school and the club, is discussed, highlighting the principles dominance dear to architectural modernism combined with the intention to create a new and economic language, considering autochthonous constructive knowledge use. The importance of the project in the new frontiers scope that at the time were opened in the field of architects’ and urbanists’ action, namely the rural planning, conceived according to the modernizing idea. Finally, the importance of expanding historiography on the subject emphasized.


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