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Docomomo [Edição 01]

The Discourse of “baianidade” through integration of arts in modern architecture built in Salvador

Neila D. G. Maciel


The purpose of this article focuses on the theoretical discussion about the legitimacy of a discourse of modern, on the idea of forming a Brazilian identity, regionally cut as "baianidade", in the city of Salvador, through the works of art integrated into buildings constructed between the decades 1950-1970. It is an attempt to understand how this ideology legitimized in the state capital through the integration of the arts, from the valuation of a particular memory of the city, transformed into identity symbolic heritage as an "idea of Bahia", or as "baianidade". In this article, the panels and murals integrated into buildings are understood as an image, but mainly as a formative discourse and legitimizing this thought. Focusing on the relationship between some constructive and aesthetic principles of modern architecture, variable in their applications, and the work of the artist Carybé, in which the city appears through a thematic focus very well defined, from the use of african-Brazilian traditions matrix, based on the search of a colonial memory, remembering specific episodes of a past, while at the same time Salvador wanted to be modern and in good time of economic development and application of new technologies in construction and urbanism.

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